Mapping Inequalities Differences that made a difference in cartographic and statistical tools between the XVIIIth and XXth centuries
The geometric accuracy and the spatial rationalisation that – from the beginning of the nineteenth century – has invested the European urban cartography offered a new way of looking at the city: no longer an immobile entity but a moving organism. It now appeared as a measurable, extendable and, thus, editable figure.
In that period, planimetric surveys managed to master the complex nature of social relations between territory, state and population. Statistical science finally entered the sphere of urban studies, defining a new conception of the city itself, connected to its geometrical extension and social issues.
This new awareness of the “city” organism led to the first investigations into its urban diseases. Mapping became a critical tool for reporting the spatial dimension of urban inequalities and social injustices. Overpopulation, health and housing issues, crime : everything passed under the lens of the surveyors who could then suggest new targeted urban solutions.
Cartography, as well as statistical investigations, thus acted as an active instrument to understand, and subsequently plan to solve, the difficult elements of the neglected areas of the city, paving the way towards a new urbanisation moved by mapping inquiries. By splitting continuous quantitative measures into qualitative categories, our sources thus opened up a new understanding of the urban fabric in which numerical difference becomes a meaningful information difference.
The Mapping Inequalities session welcomes :
studies that address early experiments in social improvement within the city based on urban or social mapping operations, with a particular interest in those cadastral or statistical studies that have actively led to cases of new planning actions;
contributions focusing on the role that cartographic and statistical approaches have played in highlighting inequality in urban and more peripheral systems;
projects that attempt to map modern sociological and historical categories on datasets extracted from historical sources;
diachronic investigations that map the evolution of urban inequalities using historical sources;
studies investigating how urban analysis has enabled the formulation of new socio-historical categories.